Preparing your business for climate risk disclosure regulations

November 24, 2022

In March, the SEC proposed regulations to standardize the sustainability-related disclosures companies must make. These include emissions, climate-related risks, and the steps the companies are taking to address each issue. If these regulations are passed, businesses will need to collect and report their sustainability data much like they do financial data.

Recent Supreme Court decisions on climate efforts have complicated this proposal, and it remains unclear what version of these regulations will wind up in place when the dust settles. However, it appears certain that some kind of ESG (environmental, social, and governance) disclosure regulations are in place in the U.S within the next 2-3 years. The public appetite for corporate environmental responsibility is real, and many other countries have adopted similar measures. For example, the European Union’s Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) will be rolled out in the next couple of years.

What will this mean for U.S. businesses? It means we need to make some changes. Sustainability may be at the forefront of our minds, but now we need to take action. We lag behind countries and economic zones like the EU that have made strides with these kinds of regulations.

Research suggests that up to $5 trillion annually worldwide will be invested in sustainability by 2025—the most extensive capital reallocation in history. We’re beginning to see a large push for technology and processes that can track and reduce emissions and increase sustainability down the road.

Businesses should take this opportunity—the calm before the regulatory storm, if you will—to get a head start by putting those technologies and processes in place. These systems can be complex and require the involvement of a variety of parties—executives and managers across functions and geographies, logistics teams, suppliers, partners, and others down the supply chain—so it will take some time to get them up and running.

Speaking of the supply chain: while Scope 1 and 2 emissions can be easily tracked—as those refer to direct emissions from owned or controlled sources and the indirect emissions from purchased heating, cooling, steam, and electricity—collecting and analyzing Scope 3 emissions will be tricky. Scope 3 emissions are those that can be traced back to a company’s broader supply chain, and they can account for two-thirds of a business’s total carbon footprint. Until now, businesses have been self-reporting their Scope 3 emissions. But if these new regulations are passed, there will be a lot more scrutiny around reporting for many businesses. For example, according to SEC’s current proposal 10-K filers and foreign private issuers who file 20-F would have to disclose Scope 1 and 2 emissions in the fiscal year 2023, then Scope 3 come 2024.

Pending regulations—and the complexity of implementing tools to meet them—introduces a new category of risk for all U.S. companies. There are a few considerations businesses should keep in mind when looking to prepare their ESG programs and data management systems for the future:

  1. Be proactive

The regulatory bodies and rating organizations monitoring ESG and sustainability efforts are going to be on the lookout for initiatives with continuous impact. No small, knee-jerk reactions, but rather thought-out, robust solutions. Yes, ESG ratings are already a thing, and while it’s unlikely that they will be used directly in gauging whether or not regulations are being met, they should not be ignored due to their impact on the perception of a company. 

If you take too long to get proper sustainability efforts in place, your rating may suffer, and it might make your negotiating position with new partners and vendors trickier. Similarly, being seen in the public eye as not doing enough toward sustainability will create negative brand associations that are hard to overcome.

  1. Build in visibility

For some time, visibility has been a difficult thing for many organizations to integrate into their supply chain. According to a Deloitte survey, good visibility into even critical suppliers is lacking—less than 75% of polled organizations reported they felt they had good insight into that layer. It got worse when looking at their second and third tier; only 15% of respondents reported good visibility into those suppliers.

Not only does a lack of visibility increase risks (as you can’t fix what you don’t know is going wrong), but it will make accurate reporting and forecasting of Scope 3 emissions near impossible—and open a business up to fines for not meeting regulations. 

Achieving visibility in your data collection systems requires making it as easy as possible for suppliers to provide that emissions data to you. If that data is not required or is difficult to input into a third-party management system, suppliers have little incentive to go out of their way to provide it. When selecting vendor management solutions, businesses should prioritize systems that allow them to both require emissions and sustainability reporting and make it simple and quick for suppliers to input that data. Building those requirements into the system from the point of onboarding is the most efficient way to start capturing this data, but for existing suppliers and vendors it should be built into the normal workflows.

  1. Remain flexible

It’s helpful to think of sustainability requirements as another category of risk. When evaluating new suppliers or partners, the possibility that they will make it difficult for you to keep up with reporting requirements needs to be considered along with all other risks.

Not only does this hold true for any potential new supply chain partners, but it also requires companies to closely assess their current suppliers and see what risks they already have on their hands. It might be necessary to divest from some suppliers over time—or even rapidly. 

Have a plan in place for combing through current suppliers, assessing their ESG risk, and making a plan for each one. Start with your critical suppliers first and then work your way down. It might be a matter of working more closely with that organization to establish a way of providing that data, but it could be something more significant, like removing a small % of that supplier’s contract to a less risky organization while the risk persists.

  1. Consider international and industry-specific regulations

Finally, be sure to also consider the unique regulations and complications surrounding your suppliers. Just like the EU, many countries have ESG regulations, and that number will increase significantly in the next few years. If you’re doing business in those countries, you need to adhere to their regulations as well.

The same holds true for industries you and your suppliers do business in. Some industries will have more stringent sustainability reporting requirements and expectations or require specific data that is irrelevant to others. Here, that flexibility and visibility come in handy; the process and end goals for working with each supplier on ESG reporting and data collecting will not always be the same, so companies need to be able to adapt their processes to match what’s required.

It’s worth also mentioning that the industry and geographical location of suppliers also bring with them other types of risks that might make ESG data collecting difficult. Geopolitical tensions are high, and previously stable countries are finding themselves embroiled in war, social upheaval, or bordering a country in a similar situation. It might be hard to access the data you need from suppliers in countries that have been disrupted by geopolitical happenings. On the same note, as the climate changes at an accelerated pace, extreme weather events are becoming more common; the location of your suppliers and their proximity to high-risk areas should be a major consideration. 

For a more sustainable tomorrow

As the globe seeks to reverse—or at least slow—our impact on the climate, businesses need to think today about how their supply chains will take shape in 2025, 2030, and well beyond. Proven sustainability isn’t just something to use as a differentiator in the marketplace; it’s going to become table stakes in the next decade or two. The only thing up in the air are the finer details of how these regulations will take form. Businesses that act quickly to build that data collection and reporting into their supply chain will have a leg up on those who delay.

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